The Global Seed Vault is a kind of bunker under the ice where all the seeds of our planet are preserved. It was built on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen in the remote Arctic Svalbard archipelago, about 1,300 kilometers from the North Pole. Opened in 2008, it is accessed entering a large concrete triangle that sinks into the mountain, and with a tunnel that goes under the ice of 150 meters. The vault containing the seeds is protected by a sophisticated security system and from five steel doors. The last port that is the most fascinating, is the heart of the bunker and it is covered with ice, because within it the seeds are stored at a constant temperature of -25 degrees.
The seed vault is managed under terms spelled out in a tripartite agreement between the Norwegian government, the Global Crop Diversity Trust (GCDT) and the Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen) with the intent of preserving the world's biodiversity and cope with disasters that could destroy the various species.