Traceability is a general concept, when talking about food.
Traceability is a system that makes that you can find out who produced a product which it was produced and thus how it was produced. This may be useful if some people have become ill from a product. Then you via traceability find out where the product is produced and by whom, and thus easier to find out what has made people sick.
Traceability and ethical trade
When you talk about ethical trade, then traceability a very important part. Traceability makes it possible to find out exactly where eg FSC wood has come from - the forest, and which part of the forest it comes from the forest group have felled it, and how it is processed.
Traceability is therefore generally to ensure that the quality is as promised. And it also ensures that if the product comes from a particular place, which places certain requirements, these requirements have also been met. It may be required hygiene requirements that workers must have a minimum requirement of safety at work etc.
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